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Bowen Technique and Yoga Therapy

About Whole Therapies by Lucy

In this space we hope to share the wealth of Yoga. Not only physical practice but also the mental part of yoga and general knowledge.

Anatomy and trivia existing together in one space.

Besides this you can find regular updates on Bowen Technique news and interesting matters related to this.

The Sartorius

Anatomy Posted on Sun, September 02, 2018 10:59:17

Hip Flexors, Part 2
The Sartorius Muscle


Function
The Sartorius muscle is not only the longest muscle in the human body but also the only muscle that stretches over two joints.
Effectively helping in moving the hip and knee. While at the hip, it can flex, abduct(opening the legs), and laterally rotate the thigh, it can only flex (bend) the knee. As all all of its actions are weak, the sartorius is considered a synergist muscle.

Where
Generally speaking he sartorius muscle originates from the anterior superior iliac spine and part of the notch between the anterior superior iliac spine and anterior inferior iliac spine . It runs obliquely across the upper and anterior part of the thigh in an inferomedial direction. It passes behind the medial condyle of the femur to end in a tendon. This tendon curves anteriorly to join the tendons of the gracilis and semitendinosus muscles in the pes anserinus, where it inserts into the superomedial surface of the tibia (shin bone).

Like the other muscles in the anterior compartment of the thigh, sartorius is innervated by the femoral nerve.

There are however known variations in this muscle found in disection. It may originate from the outer end of the inguinal ligament, the notch of the ilium, the ilio-pectineal line or the pubis.

The muscle may be split into two parts, and one part may be inserted into the fascia Iata, the femur, the ligament of the patella or the tendon of the semitendinosus.

The tendon of insertion may end in the fascia lata, the capsule of the knee-joint, or the fascia of the leg.

And the muscle may be absent in some people.

Effects on posture
Due to its location and functions it plays a crucial role in development of knee and lumbar pain.
Activities that make you forcefully push off put a lot of strain on this muscle. Spending a lot of time in Lotus or any cross-legged position (daily meditation in the same position) keeps this muscle in constant contraction. And the muscle can be pulled or strained while jumping and running. Playing sports like hockey, rugby, football or basketball put you at a higher risk of developing a sartorius injury.

If the sartorius is extremely tight it can pull the pelvis forward (down facing arrow) as it will pull the Anterior Superior Iliac Spine down, resulting in a stronger lordosis or the lumbar spine (right pointing arrow).
This could cause lower back pain and pushes the abdomen forward but it can also be a contributing factor to an excessive rounding of the thoracic spine and forward head carriage.

Further down the leg it can create an inward rotation of the leg (knock knees) and cause inner knee pain. Common symptom is pain in the inner knee when lying on the side with the knees together.

If you suffer from any of the above symptoms you might want to jump over to the blog post where we explain what you can do yourself to alleviate your discomfort.Or you could book yourself a Bowen treatment at Valentis Therapy to help your body heal itself.



The Triceps Brachii

Anatomy Posted on Sat, June 30, 2018 14:27:36

The Triceps Brachii
(Latin for “three-headed muscle of the arm)

(red – the long head, yellow – the lateral head, green – the medial head)

The long head has its origin on the infraglenoid tubercle (bottom edge) of the scapula (shoulder blade). The medial head originates proximally from the dorsal (back) surface of the humerus (upper arm bone). The lateral head also originates from the dorsal surface of the humerus, but lateral (further to the outside) and proximal (closer to the trunk) to the groove of the radial nerve.
The fibres come together to form a single tendon which inserts onto the ulna. (The bone on the little finger side of the hand).

The triceps is an extensor muscle of the elbow joint and an antagonist of the biceps and brachialis muscles. This means it straightens the arm when engaged. It can also fixate the elbow joint when the forearm and hand are used for fine movements, e.g., when writing.

With its origin on the scapula, the long head also works the shoulder joint and is involved in retroversion (backwards rotation) and adduction (moving the arm towards the body) of the arm. It helps stabilise the shoulder joint at the top of the humerus

The triceps can be worked through either isolation or compound elbow extension movements and can contract statically to keep the arm straightened against resistance.

For yoga poses that work on the Triceps or that need the muscle to be more effective come back next week to read the next post in this series.

If you have any questions or remarks please leave a comment below and we will answer this as soon as possible.



The Psoas Muscle

Anatomy Posted on Fri, April 27, 2018 16:36:04

The Psoas Muscle

Why is this muscle so important and why do we need to learn how to relax it or suffer the consequences? What consequences you ask yourself? Well, there is lower back ache, hip problems, postural imbalance leading to knee problems, the list is almost endless but don’t worry there is lots we can do to prevent all these problems.

How is it that this muscle gives us so many possible problems?

If you consider that the Psoas muscle originates from the anterior surfaces and the lower borders of the transverse processes of the vertebrae T12-L5

Then note that the muscle inserted at the Lesser trochanter of the femur (a fancy way of saying that it connects at the inside of the top of the thigh bone.

The primary functions of this muscle is to flex the hip joint, give it external rotation and to bend the lumbar vertebral column Knowing this and that we spend most of our lives seated, an action supported by the action of this muscle it is no wonder it affects our lower back to have this muscle in an almost constant state of contraction.

So what can we do to counter the effect of this constant contraction of this most important postural muscle?

Activate its counter muscles! Activate your glutes and open the front of the body. Give the Psoas muscle signals to relax, but that is a topic for another post.

Keep your eyes open for the next blog post and if you have more anatomy questions post them in the comments and we will make sure to address them next time.



Anatomy of the Foot

Anatomy Posted on Mon, March 26, 2018 11:02:09

Our feet are our foundation! To understand how important it is to align the bones in the feet we need to know which muscles help us do exactly that and how to activate the right ones while releasing tension in the ones the pull the alignment off.

It would go too far to turn this blog post into an anatomy lesson but still it is handy to know which muscles we need to use to have a steady foundation. That the extensor Hallucis Longus lifts the big toes and the Flexor Hallucis Longus brings the big toe down to the floor is handy to know as those muscles work together to give us control over our stance and can help relief bunions, or even prevent their progression or development.

Our toes are a huge aid in stabilising our foundation if used right. All too often we try to ‘grip’ the floor with our toes which will throw our balance off and engages too much of the toe flexors causing a tightness in the sole lifting the big toe mound rather than grounding that so important part of our foot.

If instead we can learn to balance the action in flexors and extensors we can not only create healthy arch but also avoid or lessen the progression of bunions as well as fallen arches, knee and hip problems.

To read up on how to activate the right muscles in the feet you might want to read the bunion therapy series

If you would like to know more about the foot or other parts of your body leave a comment and we will happily answer your questions to our best knowledge.